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Evides is a Dutch utility providing drinking water to 2.5 million household and business customers in Zeeland, in the southwest of The Netherlands.

The utility met with Syrinix to discuss how a pressure monitoring project could be implemented,  with a clear objective to discover if transient monitoring could be used not only to locate and detect bursts but feed a targeted operational response.

The project began with the selection of monitoring sites using the Syrinix deployment planning tool, which estimates the transient monitoring coverage achieved by a set of proposed deployment locations

Picture of The Netherlands

Figure 1: Deployment Planning Tool visualisation

The tool predicts the network response (reported transient amplitudes) to a set of simulated events, which gives the client an indication of the range of events that will be captured given the proposed installation sites.

This allows the selection of installation sites to be refined to give the level of coverage required by the client.

A typical output from the planning tool is shown in Figure 1. The blue dots show the sensor deployment positions, bold red, shows areas covered with pale red indicating areas where transient waves decay and become less visible.

The predictions for what can be seen by each monitor take into consideration the source event magnitude, pipe material, pipe diameter and network topology

“Based on Evides experience with regular Syrinix transient measurements, this project was formed to explore other potential deployment strategies. One strategy is the use of a limited number of Syrinix sensors to triangulate burst events.

In close collaboration with the Syrinix team we managed to define a practical test area. The Syrinix team could optimize the required number of sensors based on the available network data and the expected triangulation results. Installation of the equipment under tile pavement using available hydrants was possible, thanks to the flexibility of the sensor equipment and antennas.”

Henk De Kater – Asset Management, Evides.

Following deployment within the district metered area (DMA), events of varying amplitude were simulated at multiple hydrant locations by introducing a fast flow change.

The pressure wave from a simulated burst travels around the DMA and is detected by multiple time synchronised PIPEMINDER devices (each automatically kept within +/-50ms of each other). Each one detects the event using its S3 scoring algorithm and immediately transmits high sample rate data over the cellular network to RADAR, Syrinix’s cloud-based data analytics platform.

RADAR automatically analyses the data from each of the multiple sensors and determines the exact onset of the pressure wave at each monitor (see Figure 2 below). Onsets from multiple sites are then grouped together into an event and the event source location calculated using Syrinix’s triangulation algorithm.

Figure 2: Pressure traces of the detected event (from 9 monitors) with detected onset points.

 

 

In this example the simulated burst event was detected by the nine monitors marked as green on the map (Figure 3), the table indicates the order of arrival time. Data from the monitors numbered 1 to 5 was used to triangulate the position of the burst.

Figure 3: Monitor location map

Arrival order list

The enlarged image (Figure 4) details the triangulated position of the event, shown with the red flag.

Figure 4: Detailed map, GIS overlay and determined burst location

This automated result was calculated and notified in RADAR in under five minutes of the event occurring, with the result predicted only 80m from the true location.

The features and flexibility of RADAR allows engineers to analyse the event and edit the pressure wave onsets if their expert knowledge suggests the automated analysis could be improved.

In this instance, the ability to quickly review and re-process the event improved the position of the triangulation to within 42m of the true location.

Given the size and complexity of the network, this is a very good result and places the response team close to the burst.

 

“It is rewarding to see a collaborative vision for data collection and analysis deliver such great results. This not only proves the robustness of the deployment planning tool but also that transient data and subsequent analysis leads to visible tangible benefits. Enabling efficient operational response in detecting the location of bursts, minimizes any requirement to walk the line and reduces supply interruption to minutes rather than anything more.”
Ben Smither - VP Engineering, Syrinix
“Evides performed various burst simulations on different locations and with different impacts. Every test phase was followed by an evaluation with the Syrinix team to discuss the results and plan the next steps.

The final tests, which were run completely ‘blind’, showed the expected results, with a clear relation between events, event size and accuracy of localisation. The advantage of even a rough location can be very valuable in our operational response.”
Henk De Kater – Asset Management, Evides.

This project is continuing as Evides work towards transient measurements with triangulation in areas with large industrial users and for burst detection in more rural areas.

 This will reduce time in locating bursts in remote locations and reduce service disruption to major users.

 

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